Military etiquette: military culture of communication and norms of behavior
Since ancient times, warriors, defenders of the Motherland, have acted as a kind of standard of masculinity and good breeding. Not without reason in the language the expressions “officer honor”, “honor of the uniform”, as well as “military become and bearing” were firmly rooted. It is believed that the moral duty of a soldier is to be an example of patriotism, fidelity to his word and comrades, to protect and support the weak. All this is a consequence of carefully designed and thoroughly thought out military etiquette.
Like any form of ethics, military etiquette is based on the well-known, universal human ideals of morality. The basis of the behavior of each individual is laid down moral standards that require respect for oneself and others, politeness, tolerance and a developed internal culture. Etiquette implies the presence of certain sustainable, developed in the process of mutual life, time-tested rules of behavior and communication.
These rules are not something static, once given - they invariably test themselves for compliance with modern realities and, if necessary, vary.
Characteristic features of military etiquette consist in their normativeness and obligatory execution.
All norms, principles of behavior and official functions of military personnel are initially clearly and unequivocally spelled out in the relevant documents. In Russia, this is the Military Oath, the adoption of which precedes entry into the army, and the charters of various types of the Armed Forces. It is also worth noting the great role of continuity, the traditions of the Russian army and navy. The history of the emergence of certain norms, customs and elements of relationships is almost forgotten, having lost its original relevance over time, the fulfillment of these norms is rather nominative, a tribute to traditions and the core of corporate solidarity.
Functions and Structure
No wonder military etiquette is famous for its rigor, because the very existence of the army depends on the correct and unequivocal observance of the norms. Its functions are quite extensive and affect almost all aspects of the life of military personnel and society.
- Military-political or national the function of etiquette is decisive and consists in the formation of combat-ready and patriotic personnel capable of not only effectively defending their homeland in battle, but also shaping the image of the army in the eyes of the international community.
- Disciplinary the function is focused on the formation of the internal moral core of a serviceman, on the knowledge of charters and corporate standards.
- Service regulatory the function defines internal relationships, builds a hierarchical ladder, introduces standards for communication and circulation.
- Educational the role of etiquette is to enhance the internal culture of military personnel, instilling in them fundamental ethical standards, such as duty, honor and valor.
- Aesthetic the role consists, on the one hand, in instilling an individual with the basics of good taste, and on the other, in shaping a positively perceived image of a military man.
The structure of military etiquette clearly shows the division into two main elements - a system of military attributes and a system of norms. Attributes determine the appearance of the military, while norms declare the principles of relationships, communication and personal responsibility.
The appearance of the military is a well-deserved subject of envy and pride. The military should always be clean and tidy, accurate up to pedantry, smoothly shaved, combed and groomed, have good posture and a brave step. All these seemingly insignificant features, from which an integral image is formed, are the result of a clear and consistent observance of the norms and rules of attributive etiquette.
However, the symbolic attributes of a soldier, without which it is difficult to imagine the very performance of the service, are uniform and personal weapons.
The form of the various branches of the armed forces is determined by order of the Minister of Defense of the Russian Federation, which regulates in detail the norms and rules for handling clothes. The form should be kept clean and tidy, it is forbidden to wear clothes of an unknown standard or to combine military clothing with civilian clothing.
You should also not wear distinctive signs and insignia.
The rules regarding wearing clothes apply both to active servicemen and to those who have been fired to the reserve with the right to wear military uniforms.
The regulation describing the rules for storing and carrying weapons is even stricter, since a violation of its standards poses an immediate danger to the life of the soldier and the people around him. Storage of weapons is allowed only in specially designated, specially protected places. It is issued only if necessary and under personal responsibility, for which the issued weapons are assigned to each individually.
Norms of speech etiquette
As you know, speech can be of two types - oral and written. Both species are carefully monitored and regulated. In the modern Russian army, as in any state structure, great importance is given to documentation. Each soldier, and even more so an officer, must be able to correctly and clearly draw up a report, a memorandum or an explanatory note, write a letter or a report.
All possible forms of written language are subject to established patterns adopted on the basis of special orders.
Oral speech is mainly focused on the culture of giving and accepting orders, formalized and ceremonial greetings. The speech regards the respect of the junior to the senior in rank, the same, in turn, should appeal to the military personnel, the younger in rank, with respect, but without familiarity.
The order should be given in a short and succinct form, which does not allow ambiguous and incorrect interpretations, the one who accepted the order answers briefly: “Yes!”, “That's right” or “No way!”.
A unique form of verbal etiquette of military personnel is such a phenomenon as military greeting. It is traditionally given to the senior in rank. In this case, press the left hand to the body, and bring the right hand to the cap. In the absence of a cap, it is enough to simply turn your head towards the senior in rank. However, the charter sets out in detail and clearly all possible configurations - standing, on the move, in a cap and without it, up to situations where the welder’s hands are busy.
Rules of conduct in public places
Military personnel must follow strict etiquette not only among their own, but also in public places and in everyday life. The behavior of a person in uniform at no moment of his life is his personal, individual affair, since he is the face of the army or navy and is obliged to maintain a positive moral, moral and aesthetic image of a military man.
It should be remembered that often it is the military who become the heroes and role models for the younger generation.
The charter prescribes the observance of etiquette in all situations. For example, on the street you can’t smoke on the go and with people, throw garbage past the bins. In cinema, theater, museums and other cultural institutions, punctuality, courtesy and respect for people and objects of art should be shown. The soldier must also be polite and helpful with the ladies, children and the elderly, and provide assistance and support if necessary.
See the following video for more on military etiquette.