Etiquette in different countries: rules of conduct
Unwritten rules of behavior existed even in the days of cavemen, but the official concept of "etiquette" came to us much later - at the end of the 17th century. Since then, the requirements for the rules of conduct in various situations have changed, and today, given the fact that many of us have to deal with the rules of conduct abroad, it is impossible to behave decently in a particular country without knowing the basic rules of behavior of different nations.
Modern international etiquette takes into account the traditions and customs of the peoples of the world. Each country brings its own characteristics to the piggy bank of generally accepted rules of conduct. For example, the custom of hospitality and hospitality came to us from the ancient Romans.
In the Scandinavian countries, respected guests were seated only in places of honor back in ancient times, and the peoples of the Caucasus have long been famous for respectful relations with older people.
Knowing the etiquette requirements in European countries will allow us not to get into an awkward situation with colleagues or partners from Europe. After all, sometimes what is customary in Russia may be misapplied abroad.
Great Britain is one of the world economic centers. The British pay great attention to folk traditions, they are very pedantic.
In British business circles, being late for an official meeting is unacceptable; its date and time are discussed a few days in advance.
Etiquette at the table for the inhabitants of royal England is very important. You need to know how to use a fork and knife, but to compliment or talk about work after the end of the working day is a sign of bad taste. You should not wear shabby jeans for an official conversation, and you should not come to a dinner party in a tracksuit.
France is a country of educated and stylish people. At any meeting with the fair sex, they should be presented with bouquets of flowers. Appearance at a meeting is thought over to trifles.
During lunch, you can not leave the feast before it ends.
The French appoint business meetings at the time of breakfast, lunch or dinner. Mandatory exchange of business cards. If you don’t speak French, you need to learn at least a couple of phrases to ask your colleague to speak English.
The French consider it impolite to talk about income, but they can talk about the culture of their country for hours.
Residents of Germany are very frugal and punctual. During business meetings, they always keep their distance, do not recognize lateness. Things prefer to lead with the arrangement, slowly. The venerable burghers enter all income and expenses into a special notebook - they will not overpay under any circumstances. You should not be puzzled if your German colleague brings a personal breakfast to the office and does not treat anyone: personal space for the Germans above all.
Turning to a colleague, do not forget to name all his regalia and academic degrees - personal achievements are important for Germans.
Spaniards are energetic and emotional; they value sincerity and dedication in business relationships. Even at the first meeting, you must exchange handshakes and business cards. Then follows a kiss on the cheek. Appeal: "lord" or "lord".
If you make an appointment, remember that lunch in Spain starts at 2:00 p.m., and dinner starts at 10:00 p.m.
Do not boast about your income and achievements, and the business issue in Spain is approaching the end of food intake. Long communication is an essential part of Spanish etiquette.
Despite the fact that Italians are considered emotional and talkative, they are very formal in negotiations. Handshakes are mandatory even with women.
At meetings in a cafe, conversation begins with small talk. Italians discuss sport, family, travel, and only then - a business matter. Acceptable if your Italian business partner might be a little late for the meeting.
In Italy, it is not customary to call a taxi yourself. In any cafe or store manager will do it for you.
Italians speak very quickly, and in order to get them right, pay attention to gestures and facial expressions. Non-verbal communication will give you more information than knowledge of the language.
The behavior in the East is significantly different from the manner of Europeans. Etiquette of the eastern countries retained elements of ritualism and conventions. Most of the eastern states were formed on the basis of the ancient religions of the East. For the mentality of residents, the main thing is the interests of society, family, the state, and not the personal interests of a person.
The nomadic life of the Bedouins left its mark on the rules of behavior of Muslims in society. First of all, prayer is performed five times a day, wherever the followers of the Koran are: on the road, in the store or at work.
Older people are always held in high esteem, it is they who are first of all introduced to strangers. Then - a handshake, the men touch each other with both cheeks in turn, while patting the other person on the back. This categorically does not apply to women, they simply can nod their heads.
A Muslim should not touch women who come from Europe. The fair sex should not go in these countries in miniskirts, shorts and sweatshirts with bare shoulders.
At the beginning of the conversation, a question will be asked about your affairs and health, but you should not answer in detail to it - this is a question of courtesy. Conversations can drag on for a long time, since it is common for Arabs to make numerous pauses in speech.
For many Europeans, the etiquette of the Japanese may seem strange, but it is worthy of respect.
Japan is a country of workaholics, where everything is put in favor of the interests of society and the organization in which they work.
If a case forces the Japanese to refuse you something, the word “no” will not be spoken in his speech, he will manage with a mild denial in which the refusal will be veiled. This is especially true in business affairs.
In conversations with elders or superiors, the Japanese humbly lowers his eyes as a sign of respect and respect. In communication, the Japanese almost never use gestures, never touch the person they are talking to, a sign of goodwill - just a bow.
In China, respect for elders is also a mandatory part of etiquette. Friendly Chinese greet guests with a nod of their heads, they turn to “you” to adults or unfamiliar people.
Do not give the Chinese cutting objects, this symbolizes a breakdown.
You can’t stay away, but at the table, only the hosts begin to eat first, and they make the first toast. Business meetings do not imply "relaxation" - saunas and restaurants.
Turkey is a hospitable country where close friends shake hands and hug while meeting each other, while the elders are treated with the respectful suffix "bay" or "hanym". If you have earned respect, you will certainly be invited to the bathhouse, give gifts. Locals also love to get presents.
A positive nod of the head with a click of the tongue of the Turks means refusal, and if you want to thank them, just put a hand to your chest. Mosques cannot be approached in open clothing.
India is a country with a diverse world of cultures, faiths and traditions. The official language is English, society is strictly divided into castes. When meeting, the Indians squeeze their own hands as a sign of humility instead of the usual handshakes, expressing respect for the guest.
It is customary to take food and touch things only with the right hand, the left - only for intimate hygiene.
Women should cover their legs and shoulders. When entering a house or museum, be sure to remove your shoes. In Indian culture, it is not customary to eat with a fork or knife - only with your hands. The exception is a soup spoon.
Communicating, you can tell in detail about yourself - in India this is customary. White flowers bring only to the funeral. All gifts are packed in red or yellow paper.
The reference to “you” in Korea is replaced by the word “master”. During the meeting, a bow is obligatory. Men almost never reach out to women. Koreans communicate, sitting on the floor, using special pillows.
In Korea, try to avoid gestures, they are interpreted somewhat differently than in other countries.
When attending a business meeting, try not to get too close to your Korean partner, they really value their personal space.
In America, it is customary to smile in any situation. According to etiquette, only the closest can complain about failures.
They don’t visit guests without an invitation; it is forbidden by law to look at women in public.
If you make a phone call to a stranger to just chat, you will be considered rude. Call if you have an urgent matter.
Gifts in business circles are unacceptable, but a free pose during a business conversation (leg on foot, in the next chair) is acceptable.
About 10 rules of table etiquette of different countries, which should not be ignored, see the next video.